Popular books on voting reform

Note: Updated Feb. 28, 2020.

My RCV bibliography lists books and articles that are research-heavy, but I wanted to keep track of other important texts as well. Some are from the movement itself, and others debate its proposals.

This is a non-exhaustive and evolving list. Entries are organized by period: recent books, slightly older (1990s-early 2000s), old (1890s-1940s), and very old (1860s-80s). Readers interested in very deep PR history can visit this page at the PR Foundation website.

It is an interesting list to compile. The farther back one goes in time, the harder it is to distinguish social science from advocacy.


Gehl, Katherine M. and Michael E. Porter. Forthcoming in 2020. The Politics Industry: How Political Innovation Can Break Partisan Gridlock and Save Our Democracy. Harvard Business Review Press.

Drutman, Lee. 2020. Breaking the Two-party Doom Loop: The Case for Multiparty Democracy in America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Meslin, Dave. 2019. Teardown: Rebuilding Democracy From the Ground Up. Penguin Random House.

Mulroy, Steven. 2019. Rethinking US Election Law: Unskewing the System. Edward Elgar.

Slightly older

Amy, Doug. 2000. Behind the Ballot Box: A Citizens Guide to Voting Systems. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Guinier, Lani. 1995. Tyranny of the Majority: Fundamental Fairness in Representative Democracy. New York: Free Press.

Guinier, Lani. 1998. Lift Every Voice: Turning a Civil Rights Setback into a New Vision of Social Justice. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Guinier, Lani and Gerald Torres. 2003. The Miner’s Canary: Enlisting Race, Resisting Power, Transforming Democracy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Hill, Steven. 2002. Fixing Elections: The Failure of America’s Winner-take-all Politics. New York: Routledge.

Richie, Robert and Steven Hill. 1999. Reflecting All of Us: The Case for Proportional Representation. Boston: Beacon Press.

Richie, Robert and Steven Hill. 1999. Whose Vote Counts? Boston: Beacon Press.

Rush, Mark E. and Richard L. Engstrom. 2001. Fair and Effective Representation? Debating Electoral Reform and Minority Rights. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Novoselic, Krist. 2004. Of Grunge and Government: Let’s Fix this Broken Democracy! New York: RDV/Akashic.


Commons, John R. 1896. Proportional Representation. New York: T.Y. Crowell & Co.

Finer, Herman. 1924. The Case Against Proportional Representation. London: Fabian Society.

Hallett, George H. and Clarence G. Hoag. 1940. Proportional Representation: The Key to Democracy. New York: National Municipal League.

Hermens, Ferdinand A. 1941. Democracy or Anarchy? A Study of Proportional Representation. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame.

Hermens, Ferdinand A. 1943. P.R., Democracy, and Good Government. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame.

Hoag, Clarence G. and George H. Hallett. 1926. Proportional Representation. New York: Macmillan.

Taft, Charles P. 1933. City Management: The Cincinnati Experiment. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc.

Very old

Hare, Thomas. 1867. The Election of Representatives, Parliamentary and Municipal, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.

Hare, Thomas. 1873. The Election of Representatives, Parliamentary and Municipal, 4th ed. London: Longman, Greens, Reader, and Dyer. (Includes appendices on cumulative vote and application of STV to single-winner elections.)

Mill, John Stuart. 1867. Considerations on Representative Government. New York: Harper & Brothers.

Spence, Catherine H., Frances Balfour, Leonard Courtney, John Lubbock and John Hall. 1894. Report of Meeting on Proportional Representation, or Effective Voting. London: John Bale.

Sterne, Simon. 1871. On Representative Government and Personal Representation. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.